WASHINGTON (AP) - The Democratic-controlled House approved a
budget blueprint drawn to President Barack Obama's specifications
Thursday and the Senate hastened to follow suit after
administration allies rejected alternatives from liberals and
The vote in the House was 233-196, largely along party lines,
for a $3.6 trillion plan that includes a deficit of $1.2 trillion.
The country wants "real change, and we have come here to make a
difference," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said as both
chambers worked on plans to boost spending on domestic programs,
raise taxes on the wealthy in two years' time and clear the way for
action later in the year on Obama's priority items of health care,
energy and education.
Republicans in both houses accused Democrats of drafting plans
that would hurt the recession-ravaged economy in the long run,
rather than help it, and saddle future generations with too much
"The administration's budget simply taxes too much, spends too
much and borrows too much at a moment when we can least afford
it," said the Senate Republican leader, Mitch McConnell of
But a Republican alternative fared poorly in the House, where 38
GOP lawmakers voted against a plan supported by their own
leadership. Officials ascribed much of the opposition to a
provision that called for eliminating traditional fee-for-service
Medicare for individuals who reach age 65 in 2020 or later and
replacing it with coverage from private insurance companies.
The day's events capped a busy three months for the
Democratic-controlled Congress that took office in January.
Moving with unusual speed, lawmakers have enacted a $787 billion
economic stimulus measure, cleared the way for release of $350
billion in financial industry bailout funds, approved an expansion
of children's health care and sent Obama legislation setting aside
more than 2 million acres in nine states as protected wilderness.
The White House issued a statement hailing the House vote as
"another step toward rebuilding our struggling economy."
And while they represented victories for the administration, the
budgets merely cleared the way for work later in the year on key
presidential priorities - expansion and overhaul of the nation's
health care system, creation of a new energy policy and sweeping
changes in education.
Major battles lie ahead, particularly over health care and
energy. And while Obama made a series of specific proposals to fund
his initiatives, congressional budget-writers avoided taking a
position on his recommended curtailing of Medicare spending, for
example, or imposing hundreds of billions of dollars in new costs
on the nation's polluters.
There was no suspense on either side of the Capitol as lawmakers
engaged in an annual budget ritual.
In the House, that meant voting first on doomed alternatives
drafted by progressives, the Congressional Black Caucus and a
splinter group of conservatives. In the Senate, it meant a day of
sifting through nonbinding proposals often meant to score political
The House plan called for spending $3.6 trillion in the budget
year that begins Oct. 1, according to the Congressional Budget
Office, compared with $3.5 trillion for the Senate version and $3.6
trillion for Obama's original plan.
The House plan envisioned a deficit of $1.2 trillion for 2010,
falling to a projected $598 billion after five years. The
comparable Senate estimates were $1.2 trillion in 2010 and $508
billion in 2014.
Obama's budget would leave a deficit of $749 billion in five
years' time, according to congressional estimates - too high for
his Democratic allies.
To reduce the red ink, Democrats pared Obama's proposed
spending, ignored his call for another $250 billion in bailout
money for the financial industry and assumed that his signature tax
cuts of $400 for individuals and $800 for couples would expire in
The House budget drew opposition from 20 Democrats as well as
all 176 Republicans who voted.
The budget plans do not require Obama's signature, but the House
and Senate will have to reconcile the two versions before they can
move onto the next phase of the presidential agenda.
"We are not that far apart," said Rep. John Spratt, the South
Carolina Democrat who chairs the House Budget Committee.
One difference, seemingly arcane, involved the ground rules to
cover work later in the year on health care.
The House budget provides for a "fast-track" procedure that
would bar Senate Republicans from attempting to filibuster the
legislation Obama wants to remake the nation's health care system.
Republicans have warned that the prospects for bipartisanship will
all but vanish if majority Democrats attempt to muzzle them.
In a long day of debate in the House, Democratic liberals and
Republican conservatives took turns presenting lost-cause
alternatives that reflected varying priorities.
The plan advanced by House Republicans, which failed 293-137,
would have cut deeply into Obama's recommended spending levels for
domestic programs such as education, parks and transportation,
while calling for additional tax cuts. Republicans said their
alternative would have spent $4.8 trillion less than Obama's budget
over 10 years, with significantly lower deficits.
The Medicare proposal would have required anyone currently under
55 to obtain coverage from a private health plan when they turned
65. Their costs would be paid at least in part with government
funds. Current Medicare recipients and near-retirees would not have
been affected. Supporters said the change would prevent Medicare
from going broke.
Senate Republicans decided not to produce a comprehensive
alternative budget, although Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., and others
advanced one that would have retained Bush-era tax cuts, spent more
on defense, and curbed spending on Medicare and other programs. It
failed, 60-38, on a near-party line vote.
Republicans also worked to limit Democratic options later in the
year. They put the Senate on record against using fast-track rules
to implement Obama's energy policy, which they said would impose a
new energy tax of hundreds of millions of dollars.
Democrats lost a rare round in a long day of skirmishing when
the Senate approved a non-binding proposal to cut the estate tax -
but without allowing the deficit to rise.