Roman-Era Mummy Found in Egyptian Oasis

By: Diaa Hadid - AP Writer
By: Diaa Hadid - AP Writer

CAIRO (AP) - Egyptian archaeologists discovered an intricately carved plaster sarcophagus portraying a wide-eyed woman dressed in a tunic in a newly uncovered complex of tombs at a remote desert oasis, Egypt's antiquities department announced Monday.

It is the first Roman-style mummy found in Bahariya Oasis some 186 miles (300 kilometers) southwest of Cairo, said archaeologist Mahmoud Afifi, who led the dig. The find was part of a cemetery dating back to the Greco-Roman period containing 14 tombs.

"It is a unique find," he told The Associated Press, confirming that initial examinations indicate a mummy is inside the coffin.

The carved plaster sarcophagus is only 3 feet (1 meter) long and shows a woman wearing a long tunic, a headscarf, bracelet and shoes, as well as a beaded necklace. Colored stones in the sarcophagus' eyes gave the appearance she is awake.

Afifi said they had not dated the new find yet, but the burial style indicated she belonged to Egypt's long period of Roman rule lasting a few hundred years and starting 31 B.C.

He said his team first thought they had stumbled across a child's tomb because of its diminutive stature, but the decorations and features indicated it was a woman.

Afifi said it was still unclear who the woman was but said it was most likely she was a wealthy and influential member of her society, judging by the effort taken on the sarcophagus.

Mummies of people of diminutive stature have been unearthed in other parts of Egypt, where they appeared to have importance in local religions at the time, he added.

The archaeologists also found a gold relief showing the four sons of the Egyptian god Horus, other plaster masks of women's faces, several glass and clay utensils and some metal coins.

The metal coins are being checked to see whether they can date
the era of the tomb more precisely.

Afifi said the find suggested the presence of a larger tomb
complex, but said humid weather in the area may have destroyed
similar sites.

He said none of the other 13 graves were as complete as that of
the woman.

The find was made after archaeologists had made a series of
exploratory digs ahead of a local council plan to build a youth
center on the land. The area is known for its relics from the
Greco-Roman period.

Bahariya Oasis rocketed to fame a decade ago with the discovery
of the "Valley of the Golden Mummies," a vast cemetery that has
yielded up hundreds of mummies, many covered in gold leaf, from the
Greco-Roman period.

Those sarcophagi were decorated in a more traditional ancient
Egyptian style, rather than the Roman style of the current find.

The discoveries from this period indicate the comparative wealth
and prosperity of the oases at the time due to their location on
major desert trading routes.

(Copyright 2010 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)


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