UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The next president of the U.N. General
Assembly will be a Libyan politician, marking another step for the
once-isolated country as it seeks an increasingly larger role in
Ali Abdessalam Treki, who has been in charge of his nation's
relationship with the Africa Union, won election Wednesday by
acclamation rather than a vote in the General Assembly, the world's
forum for debate among 192 member nations.
The one-year post rotates among nations on a regional basis.
Treki, Libya's minister for AU affairs, will assume the new job
when the assembly convenes in mid-September for its annual
high-level ministerial debate.
He replaces Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann, a Roman Catholic priest
and former Nicaraguan foreign minister during the Sandinista rule
of the 1980s, whose tenure has been marked by outspokenness and
controversy stemming from his openly leftist views.
It is more fitting to "welcome back" Treki than say
"welcome" to him since he served previously as Libya's U.N.
ambassador, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said.
Ban noted Treki's involvement at the AU in addressing one of the
U.N.'s most pressing problems - the conflict in the Darfur region
of Sudan that has claimed 300,000 lives and has raged for more than
six years. The Libyan's "leadership will be crucial if the
assembly is to respond with unified action" to new problems and
threats, Ban said.
Oil-rich Libya, formerly isolated by its bellicose behavior, has
been steadily reaching out to the rest of the world and trying to
repairs its image as a pariah state.
The country's leader, Moammar Gadhafi, whose past includes
welcoming Abu Nidal, the Palestinian militant leader best known for
the killing of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics, is
trying to shed his terrorist image as he hangs onto the cloak of a
In February, Gadhafi, who has ruled Libya since he seized power
in a coup in 1969, was elected to the one-year post as AU chairman.
That same month, his son, Seif al-Islam visited Washington,
where he said Libya wants to open a new chapter in relations with
the United States and told The Associated Press that Libya wants to
move from the one-man rule of his father to a constitutional
In the 1990s, the U.S. lifted sanctions against Libya when
Gadhafi handed over two suspects in the bombing of Pan Am Flight
103, which exploded over Lockerbie Scotland, killing all 259 people
on board and 11 on the ground. Gadafi also agreed to pay billions
of dollars in compensation and renounce his weapons of mass
The country has continued to re-emerge on the world scene with
its current non-permanent seat on the 15-nation Security Council,
where the real power at the U.N. is concentrated.
But, Libya's ambassadors have blocked U.S.-proposed remarks on
Darfur. The country has also led Arab efforts seeking to open
border crossings into Gaza without monitors and to keeping tunnels
Hamas has used to smuggle arms.
Treki's new role as General Assembly president requires him to
make the goals of the international community his first priority.
France's U.N. Ambassador Jean-Maurice Ripert praised Treki's
selection, and said France was happy that an African minister will
be presiding in the coming year over such major challenges the
global financial crisis, economic woes and climate change.
D'Escoto, who once aligned himself with Fidel Castro and the
Soviet Union, often has railed against the U.S. and the U.N.'s
domination by its five permanent Security Council members: the
U.S., Russia, China, Britain and France.
At his sermon-like press conferences, he has said the U.S.
demonizes Iran's president and criticized the International
Criminal Court for issuing an arrest warrant for Sudan's leader on
war crimes charges in Darfur. He also has compared the conditions
imposed by Israel on Palestinians to apartheid.
D'Escoto said Wednesday that Treki will lead "with the same
passion and determination that have inspired my presidency."