MEXICO CITY (AP) - Mexico's government on Monday offered up to
$2 million each for information leading to the arrest of 24 top
drug lords in a public challenge to the cartels' violent grip on
The list indicated that drug gangs have splintered into six main
cartels under pressure from the U.S. and Mexican governments. The
two most powerful gangs - the Pacific and Gulf cartels - each
suffered fractures that have given rise to new cartels, according
to the list published by the Attorney General's Office.
The list offers rewards of up to 30 million pesos ($2 million)
for 24 top members of the cartels and 15 million pesos ($1 million)
for 13 of their lieutenants.
Mexico's drug violence has killed more than 9,000 people since
President Felipe Calderon took office in December 2006 as gangs
battle each other for territory and fight off a government
crackdown. Some of that violence is spilling over into the United
States, especially the Southwest, where kidnaps and killings are on
The rewards are the largest Mexico has ever offered for top drug
lords, said Ricardo Najera, a spokesman for the Attorney General's
office. Some of the men, such as suspected Pacific cartel leaders
Joaquin Guzman and Ismael Zambada, are targeted by separate $5
million reward offers from the U.S. government.
The new list appeared to be the first offering rewards for all
the most-wanted cartel members at once. The government could be
trying to signal its determination to take on the cartels at the
same time, rather than one or two at a time as past administrations
have done, said Andrew Selee, director of the Wilson Center's
"It tells you a little bit about Calderon's thinking," Selee
said. "He really sees this as something he wants to eradicate.
He's willing to take them all on as a unit."
Attorney General Eduardo Medina Mora declined to say who the
single most-wanted suspect is.
"For us, all of these people are important. Of course, some are
more emblematic than others," he said.
The document offered insight into the reorganization of the
cartels more than two years into Calderon's military crackdown
The Beltran Leyva and Carrillo Fuentes gangs - once considered
affiliated with the Sinaloa group under the Pacific cartel alliance
- were listed as their own cartels. So was La Familia, which
operates in central Mexico and was once considered a gang that
answered to the Gulf cartel.
Calderon's government has attributed fractures in the cartels to
the military crackdown, saying the arrest of drug kingpins has set
off internal battles for control that have led to Mexico's sharp
surge in violence. It dismisses suggestions by some U.S. officials
that Mexico is losing control of some of its territory.
The list sends a message that Mexico is using all it resources
to root out drug traffickers days before a visit from U.S.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and a month before President
Barack Obama visits, said George Grayson, a Mexico expert at the
College of William & Mary in Virginia.
Mexican officials "have been quite defensive about all the talk
about Mexico's being a failed state and that the cartels are
controlling more and more territory," Grayson said. "I see this
as an acceleration of Calderon's policy but with one eye on the
upcoming visit of the American leaders."
However, monetary rewards have not proved crucial to the capture
of Mexican drug lords in recent years. Calderon's government has
not granted rewards for any of the kingpins arrested on its watch,
One reward - for information on a prison escape - has been
granted but not yet collected by the tipster. Medina Mora said he
expects that reward, whose amount he did not specify, would be
Medina Mora said the government was even willing to pay drug
traffickers and cartel members for information leading to the
capture of their rivals.
"We are not ruling out that the people offering tips could be
members of the same groups. The important thing is to have the
information," Medina Mora said. "The offer of payment is open to
anyone who offers anonymous information leading to a capture."
In the past, critics have claimed that many of Mexico's big drug
busts have come only after traffickers tipped off police about
their rival's shipments.
Authorities have created wanted posters, an e-mail account and a
phone number to receive tips; callers are given an identification
number, but are not asked to give their names. The amount of the
reward will depend on the "timeliness, usefulness and
Stephen Meiners, a Latin America analyst for the U.S.
intelligence service Stratfor, said many arrests are likely based
on anonymous tips from cartel leaders trying to get rid of rivals.
"So far that's been enough incentive to phone in these tips,"
Meiners said. "I kind of doubt that the people making these calls
would want to come forward to claim reward money."
Two of the people named were captured last week: Vicente
Zambada, the son of Ismael Zambada, and Sigifredo Najera
Talamantes, an alleged Gulf cartel hit man suspected of organizing
an attack on the U.S. consulate in Monterrey.
No reward money was granted for either capture, said Najera, the
spokesman for the Attorney General's office. Zambada's arrest was
the result of an anonymous tip that only alerted authorities to the
presence of armed men at a certain location, he said. Najera
Talamantes's arrest was not based on outside information.
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