Bangladesh Border Guards Surrender After Mutiny

DHAKA, Bangladesh (AP) - Bangladeshi border guards began
surrendering early Thursday after opening fire on senior officers
and paralyzing the capital in a 20-hour mutiny to demand better
pay. Officials feared as many as 50 people could be dead in the
violence.

Bangladesh's Home Minister Shahara Khatun received about a dozen
automatic rifles from surrendering mutineers at the Dhaka
headquarters of Bangladesh Rifles - the official name of the
paramilitary border guards. TV reports showed guards filing out of
buildings in the compound and laying down arms, one by one.

"The guards have begun surrendering arms after we have offered
amnesty to them," Khatun told reporters while leaving the
compound, adding that he believed the surrender would be complete
later Thursday morning.

The minister also had overseen the earlier evacuation of about
50 women and children trapped in homes inside the compound since
the revolt erupted early Wednesday. They were mostly family members
of officers attacked during the mutiny.

The guards had stormed the headquarters Wednesday, opening fire
on superior officers, and also seized a nearby shopping mall. Army
troops were called in to surround both complexes, and the guards
agreed to surrender when the government said it would grant them
amnesty and discuss their demands.

There were conflicting reports about the death toll in the
mutiny.

Hospital doctors confirmed that three bystanders, including a
rickshaw driver, were killed and about 20 people injured.

But Junior Law Minister Quamrul Islam told reporters early
Thursday that "It's our guess at least 50 people may have died"
in the violence. His remarks came after a visit to the compound,
but he acknowledged that the figure was unconfirmed. "We have not
seen any bodies," he added.

The standoff was the result of longtime frustrations over pay
for the border guards that didn't keep pace with that of the army's
- highlighted by rising food prices in the chronically poor South
Asian country as the global economic crisis grows.

Border guards reached by phone during Wednesday's standoff said
they were upset that their officers had not mentioned their demands
when Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visited their headquarters on
Tuesday.

One guard in combat dress, his face covered in a yellow
handkerchief, emerged from the compound and told television
reporters that the army had "more facilities than what we get."

"Army troops are sent abroad to work in U.N. peacekeeping
missions and they get fat salaries," he said. "But they don't
take border guard personnel for peacekeeping. That's
discrimination."

For several hours, intermittent gunshots rang out at the
headquarters. Smoke billowed. Soldiers shut down area streets as
helicopters circled.

Hasina then met and reached a deal with representatives of the
mutineers, and the fighting subsided.

Children trapped in the compound, aged between 5 and 16, were
allowed to leave unharmed.

"The prime minister has announced amnesty for those involved in
the trouble. We now hope to lay down our arms and go back to
barracks," mutineer spokesman Mohammed Towhid said Wednesday.

Government spokesman Jahangir Kabir Nanak confirmed that the
guards had been offered amnesty.

The revolt did not appear to be political, analysts said. It
stemmed from long-standing grievances among the guards, who
primarily protect Bangladesh's borders against smugglers.

Food prices have risen some 30 percent in recent months,
increasing pressure on the guards, who rely on government rations
of rice, flour and sugar to supplement their incomes of about $100
per month.

The guards get the rations for just three months, but regular
soldiers receive rations all year.

It was not immediately clear if the government would agree to
all the guards' demands, which included a chance to participate in
high-paying U.N. peacekeeping missions.


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