Raleigh "Dusty" Rhodes, an early leader of the Blue Angels flight demonstration team who flew combat missions in two wars and spent three years in a Japanese prisoner of war camp, has died.
He was 89.
The cause of his death on Nov. 26 in San Jose was lung cancer, his daughter Debra Rhodes said on Tuesday.
Rhodes flew fighters off of the USS Enterprise during World War II.
In the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands near Guadalcanal in October 1942 he was shot down and captured by the Japanese.
He spent the next three years in the prisoner camp, where he was
beaten and starved, his daughter said.
Rhodes weighed about 88 pounds when he emerged from the camp at the end of the war, she said.
During his imprisonment, he was personally interrogated by Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto, who had planned the attack on Pearl Harbor and most other major operations during this time.
Her father would talk about this imprisonment "if you asked him about it," Debra Rhodes said. "He wouldn't bring it up. He was a very modest man."
After his return from the camp, Rhodes joined the Blue Angels in their second year.
He soon became the third leader of the precision flying team.
Aerobatic flying was therapeutic, Rhodes told The Associated Press in an interview last year at a reunion and air show to mark the Blue Angels' 60th anniversary.
"I was so busy flying that I didn't have time to think about the war," he said.
Rhodes helped the team perfect the diamond barrel roll, where four jets perform a loop in a tight diamond formation, becoming inverted at the top.
The Blue Angels were an instant success, creating traffic jams whenever they performed, he said.
"We were a hit, oh yes, gee whiz, we were," Rhodes said. "It is the greatest type of flying and they are the greatest team in the world."
Rhodes also flew fighter pilots off an aircraft carrier in the Korean War.
After 20 years in the Navy and many medals including two Purple Hearts and three Air Medals, he retired at the rank of commander.
A book was published about him last year.
Following the Navy, Rhodes was a project planner for 30 years at Lockheed Martin in Sunnyvale.
Rhodes is survived by his wife, Pauline; three children, Debra, Kimberly and Scott; two stepsons and two step-grandchildren.
His son Raleigh E. Rhodes Jr. also died of lung cancer in July.
His former wife, Betty, died in 2005.