WASHINGTON (AP) - Time growing short, President Barack Obama and congressional leaders failed to reach agreement Thursday night on a compromise to cut spending and head off a midnight Friday
government shutdown that no one claimed to want.
Obama, House Speaker John Boehner and Senate Majority Leader
Harry Reid all said the differences had been narrowed in a pair of
White House meetings during the day. They directed their aides to
work through the night in pursuit of a deal.
"I expect an answer in the morning," Obama said in an
appearance in the White House briefing room shortly after his
second sit-down of the day with the lawmakers.
The comments capped a day in which the president, Reid, D-Nev.,
and Boehner, R-Ohio, bargained and blustered by turns, struggling
to settle their differences over spending cuts and other issues
while maneuvering to avoid any political blame if they failed.
With the economy just now beginning to create jobs in large
numbers, the president said a shutdown would damage the recovery.
"For us to go backwards because Washington couldn't get its act
together is just unacceptable," he said. The White House announced
he had postponed a scheduled trip to Indianapolis for the morning.
But agreement remained elusive, and Republicans passed
legislation through the House at mid-day to fund the Pentagon for
six months, cut $12 billion in domestic spending and keep the
federal bureaucracy humming for an additional week. "There is
absolutely no policy reason for the Senate to not follow the House
in taking these responsible steps to support our troops and to keep
our government open," said Boehner.
Obama flashed a veto threat even before the bill passed on a
247-181, mostly party-line vote. The administration issued a
statement calling it "a distraction from the real work" of
agreeing on legislation to cover the six months left in the current
fiscal year, and there was no indication Reid would allow a vote on
As they left the White House after the evening meeting, Reid and
Boehner issued a brief written statement that said they had
narrowed their disagreements and said they would "continue to work
through the night to attempt to resolve" the remaining ones.
Republicans want deeper spending cuts than the Democrats favor
and also are pressing for provisions to cut off federal funds to
Planned Parenthood and stop the EPA from issuing numerous
"They're difficult issues. They're important to both sides and
so I'm not yet prepared to express wild optimism," said the
For all the brinksmanship - and the promise of more in the
Senate on Friday - there was agreement that a shutdown posed risks
to an economy still recovering from the worst recession in decades.
The political fallout was less predictable, especially with
control of government divided and dozens of new tea party-backed
Republicans part of a new GOP majority in the House. Twin
government shutdowns in the mid-1990s damaged Republicans, then new to power in Congress, and helped President Bill Clinton win
re-election in 1996.
This time, individual lawmakers worked to insulate themselves
from any political damage. Sens. Sherrod Brown, D-Ohio, and Ben
Nelson, D-Neb., both seeking new terms in 2012, became the latest
to announce they would not accept their congressional salary during
any shutdown. "If retroactive pay is later approved, I'll direct
my part to the U.S. Treasury," said Nelson.
One day before the shutdown deadline, events unfolded in rapid
In a shift in position, Obama said he would sign a short-term
measure keeping the government running even without an agreement to give negotiations more time to succeed.
That was one of the options available to Reid, although Boehner
said he was confident Democratic lawmakers would persuade "Reid
and our commander in chief to keep the government from shutting
down" by signing the House-passed bill.
At the White House, a senior budget official said the impact of
a shutdown "will be immediately felt on the economy."
It also would be felt unevenly, said Jeff Zients, deputy
director of the Office of Management and Budget. Military troops
would not receive their full paychecks, but Social Security
recipients would still get monthly benefits, he said.
"National parks, national forests and the Smithsonian
Institution would all be closed. The NIH Clinical Center will not
take new patients, and no new clinical trials will start," he
added in a roll call of expected agency closings.
But the air traffic control system would stay up and running,
the emergency management agency would still respond to natural
disasters and border security would not be affected.
There was no indication Reid planned to bring the House-passed
stopgap bill to a vote, and he accused Republicans of blocking a
deal by demanding anti-abortion provisions and a blockade on
Environmental Protection Agency regulations on greenhouse gas and
"We don't have the time to fight over the tea party's extreme
social agenda," he said.
It was unclear whether the day's maneuvering marked attempts by
negotiators to gain final concessions before reaching agreement, or
represented a significant setback to efforts to avoid a shutdown.
Either way, Boehner pointed out that the current clash was only
the first of many likely to follow as the new, conservative
majority in the House pursues its goals of reducing the size and
scope of government.
"All of us want to get on with the heavy lifting that is going
to come right behind it, dealing with the federal debt and putting
in place a budget for next year," he said.
For all the tough talk, it did not appear the two sides were too
far from a deal.
Officials in both parties said that in the past day or so,
Democrats had tacitly agreed to slightly deeper spending cuts than
they had been willing to embrace, at least $34.5 billion in
Agreement on that point was conditional on key details, but it
was a higher total than the $33 billion that had been under
It also was less than the $40 billion Boehner floated earlier in
the week - a number that Republicans indicated was flexible.
There also were hints of Republican flexibility on a ban they
were seeking to deny federal funds to Planned Parenthood. Officials
said that in talks at the White House that stretched on after
midnight on Wednesday, Republicans had suggested giving state
officials discretion in deciding how to distribute family planning
funds that now go directly from the federal government to
organizations such as Planned Parenthood.
That would presumably leave a decision on funding to governors,
many of whom oppose abortion, and sever the financial link between
the federal government and an organization that Republicans assail
as the country's biggest provider of abortions.
Democrats seemed unlikely to accept the proposal, and it was not
clear whether it might form the basic framework for an agreement.
But Republicans quickly circulated a list of previous instances
in which Obama had signed a similar provision or Reid and House
Democratic leaders had supported it as part of a larger measure.
Legislation passed by the House six weeks ago called for $61
billion in cuts and dozens of non-spending provisions.
The Senate has yet to pass an equivalent bill of its own, but
Congress has passed a pair of short-term measures in the
intervening time to keep the government running, approving a total
of $10 billion in spending cuts at the same time.