The following advice is supplied by REMSA and REMSA paramedics to help you keep cool and prevent life-threatening heat injury from occurring.
• Dizziness, fatigue, faintness, headache
• Skin is pale and clammy
• Pulse becomes rapid and weak
• Breathing is fast and shallow
• Muscle cramps
• Intense thirst
Heat exhaustion is caused by insufficient water intake, insufficient salt intake and deficiency in the production of sweat. (Sweat evaporation is what helps to cool the body.)
• Often preceded by heat exhaustion and its symptoms
• Skin is hot, dry and flushed
• No sweating
• High body temperature
• Rapid heartbeat
• Loss of consciousness
Heat stroke is caused by overexposure to extreme heat and a breakdown in the body’s heat-regulating mechanisms. The body becomes overheated to a dangerous degree. (Body temperature could reach 107˚ F)
Risk Increases With:
• General effects of aging
• Alcohol or other drug abuse
• Chronic illness, such as diabetes and heart condition
• Recent illness involving fluid loss from vomiting or diarrhea
• Hot, humid, weather
• Working in a hot environment
• Loss of body fluids from sweating and failure to drink enough replacement fluids
• Heavy, restrictive clothing
• Severe fever
• Wear light, loose-fitting clothing in hot weather
• Drink water often, don’t wait until thirsty
• During heavy exercise or exertion, the recommended water intake is four 16- 32 ounces of water.
• Drink water if you sweat heavily. If urine output decreases, increase your water intake.
• If you become overheated, improve your ventilation. Open a window or use a fan or air conditioner. This promotes sweat evaporation, which cools the skin.
• Acclimate yourself to hot weather.
• Don’t leave pets or children unattended in hot vehicles at any time during hot weather.
• On an 85 degree day, the temperature inside your car, even with the windows open a bit, will climb to 102 degrees in 10 minutes! After half an hour, it will go up to 120 degrees or even higher! On a 90 degree day, temps in that car can top 160 degrees faster than you can walk around the block.
We won't even talk about the back of a pickup truck, "in the fresh air," with no shade. If you really love your dog, leave him at home, in a nice, cool, place, with plenty of fresh water to drink.
NOTE: Information and tips provided by REMSA Paramedics
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Tips on Preventing and Managing Heat
If You Must be Out in the Heat
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention