New State Laws To Take Effect

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Most of the 521 bills passed by Nevada legislators this year already are in effect. But 19 of them become law Jan. 1, including one requiring insurers to cover cancer patients participating in the earliest phases of clinical trials for new treatments.
Supporters say the law will keep seriously ill cancer patients
from making the choice between bankruptcy and death. And it will
help Nevada build a world-class research facility to help find a
cure for the disease, they say.
The law requires insurance plans under state regulation to
provide normal coverage for cancer patients participating in Phase
I clinical trials. Typically, the trial's sponsor pays for all
treatment relating to the trial. But many insurers haven't covered
a participant's normal day-to-day health care because the trial
could increase those costs.
Clark Dumont of the Nevada Cancer Institute called the new law
"an important step in helping Nevadans to have access to
cutting-edge and personalized care for cancer."
The $52 million Nevada Cancer Institute in Las Vegas is the
state's first full-scale facility aimed at preventing, studying,
treating, and perhaps finding a cure for cancer. The research
center has several clinical trials under way.
The law "ensures coverage for routine patient care costs,
including doctor visits, hospital stays, clinical laboratory tests
and other services that cancer patients would receive for care,
even if they were not participating in clinical trials," Dumont
Also effective Jan. 1 are new election laws requiring political
candidates to provide more proof of residency when they file.
Officials can't give out a candidate's Social Security number or
information from a candidate's driver's license, and a polling
place can't be located in any building that is named after a person
who is a candidate in that election.
Other new laws with sections taking effect Jan. 1 will:
-Authorize state "passports" to victims of identity theft. The
documents issued by the attorney general's office are designed to
help victims restore credit and avoid legal problems resulting from
any criminal activity by the person who illegally used their
-Prohibit forgery "labs" that steal personal information and
then produce forgeries. Violators face prison terms of up to 20
years and fines up to $100,000. Similar penalties apply for anyone
who steals financial or other information from a person 60 or older
or from someone with a mental or physical impairment.
-Require car companies to disclose when "black box"-type
devices are in cars and regulate when the information on those
recording devices can be retrieved.
-Require Nevada dealers to issue stickers and certificates of
operation when they sell new off-road vehicles. But the law,
watered down from an initial plan to mandate state registration of
off-road vehicles, does not impose a penalty for those who don't
have the certificates or stickers.
-Provide an extension to Nevada homeowners entitled to a 3
percent cap on their property tax bills as a result of a relief
plan approved by the 2005 Legislature. The "trailer bill" that
takes effect Jan. 1 extends the time frame until June 30, 2006, to
apply - if homeowners can show good cause for not applying at their
first opportunity in 2005.
-Prohibit justice courts in Washoe County and in Las Vegas,
Henderson and North Las Vegas from issuing protection orders in
domestic violence cases. These orders must come from district or
family courts.
-Allow all counties except Clark and Washoe to impose a
one-quarter of 1 percent sales tax, subject to voter approval.
Money raised could be used for such purposes as libraries, parks,
recreational programs and senior citizens facilities.
-Impose fines of up to $1,000 for first-offense sale of
counterfeit cigarettes with bogus manufacturing labels or phony tax
stamps. Subsequent offenses could result in fines up to $5,000.